Also known as a yaksha, in Burmese art and mythology, an ogre or demon. Such fearsome creatures figure prominently in the Jataka Tales and are common artistic motifs at Buddhist sites, such as pagodas and temples, where their images serve symbolically as guardians. Bilus are supposed to have an appetite for human flesh, and Bilu Gyun ("Ogre Island"), in Mon State adjacent to Moulmein (Mawlamyine), may have acquired its name because cannibals inhabited the place in antiquity. In modern history, perhaps the most famous reference to these ogres was made by a Shan delegate to the Panglong Conference, referring to Aung San: "here at Panglong the Burmese bilu unmasked himself, and the Shans, Kachins and Chins found him not to be the bilu they were wont to regard him but a human being as themselves, who regarded them as equals and colleagues."

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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